What is socialization? And why do we sociologists *love* using the term? This week we’re diving into both of these questions, and then exploring how families, educational institutions, peers, and the media act as key agents of socialization. We’re guilty of taking this term for granted, so join us as we give socialization the attention it deserves!
Socialization, families, institutions, peers
- Learn about Dr. Craig Calhoun here.
- You can also follow him on Twitter!
We’re baaaack! This week we’re discussing two major social institutions that are in the midst of serious change: First, the Family! How does sociology look at the family unit? How is the family used as a tool of socialization? What about those ‘non-traditional’ families? Second, that thing that to many of us symbolizes the start of a family– Marriage! We talk about the economic benefits of getting married, our own personal takes on marriage, and the gradual but very real deinstitutionalization of marriage. Listen, learn, and let us know what you think!
Marriage, Family, Socialization
- Different types of marriages:
- Monogamy involves a family with one wife and one husband.
- Polygamy involves multiple spouses.
- Endogamy involves marrying a person with similar social characteristics
- The Chinese phrase “Men Dang Hu Dui”, or “The doors must match” is a cultural example of endogamy. As Chao Yang in Television and Dating in Contemporary China writes, the phrase “‘Men Dang Hu Dui’ [is] behind traditional arranged marriage, in which being introduced to a marriage partner from a family with similar social rank was the norm” (p. 118).
- Exogamy involves marrying someone with different social characteristics
- Bigamy is when you marry another person when you’re already married to someone else
- ‘Modern Family’ TV show
- ‘Sister Wives’ TV show
- Brigham Young, famous Mormon polygamist
- 2013 Pew Research Poll that found 88% of Americans marry for love. Awww. Of course this is just one study, but it’s Pew so it’s legitimate!
- Cook’s 2015 article on the economic benefits of marriage, “For Richer, Not Poorer: Marriage and the Growing Class Divide”
- Amanda William’s 2013 article, “Is Marriage Now Just a Middle-Class Institution?”
- Amanda Hess’ 2013 article, “Marriage is the New Middle-Class Luxury Item”
- Jeanna Smialek’s 2017 article,“The Decline of Marriage is Hitting Vegas Hard”
- “Marriage has become a clear dividing line in a stratified country. Its decline is most pronounced among those who didn’t go beyond high school, as better educated people tend to marry each other. America’s working and middle classes are faring badly, and the research points to unraveling families as one cause.”
- Definition: “A weakening of the social norms that define partners’ behavior.”
- From Andrew Cherlin’s 2004 article, “The Deinstitutionalization of American Marriage”
- Definition: “any regular pattern of interaction.” Something that is considered “normal”, “regular”, or “the norm”.
- Trump calling Haiti and African countries “shitholes” (despite the fact that the largest shithole on this planet is Trump’s mouthhole) (Washington Post)
- “Senate Passes Bill to Extend Key Surveillance Program” from the Washington Post
- What is a VPN–Virtual Private Network
- What is a VPN and how does it work? video